Wednesday, November 16, 2011
How to recover a lampshade (tutorial)
I've just recovered an old frame with fabric for The Child's room. As far as classic proportions go, this one's too small for the stand, but, in this case, it was the look we were after.
The other one I made a while ago but have included to give you an indication of different shapes and trims.
Need to start with a frame. This is an old lampshade I bought for about 20c at a fete and stripped the old fabric and lining off.
Using a cotton tape such as this, dot a spot of craft glue to the to the top ring of the frame and stick tape to frame just behind one of the side struts. With your thumb keeping the beginning of the tape secure, bind the tape tightly all the way around the top ring. Cut the tape and secure with another spot of glue and secure with a peg until dry.
It's important that this tape is tightly wound all the way around, as you'll be sewing into this later.
Do the same to the bottom ring.
Tip: keeping a pin in the tape makes it easier to handle when wrapping the rings.
Now it's time to make a pattern. Do this by tracing down the length of a side strut and then slowing rolling the frame halfway across across its top and bottom lengths, marking as you go.
Be careful not to get pencil on the binding tape. You could trace the frame before you bind, but the tape does give the frame a better grip on the paper.
Add about a 2cm allowance to the pattern.
Now it's time to make the lining. I've used a thin cotton fabric, which must be cut on the bias. Stretchy fabric is ideal and I've used swimwear lining in the past. If using stretch fabric, cutting on the bias isn't important.
You will need to cut two pieces.
Using a machine, sew at seam allowance but don't backstitch at top or bottom of seams.
Slip the lining inside the frame with the seams facing out, ie, when looking into the top of the frame you shouldn't be able to see the seam allowance. Match seams to side struts at top and bottom.
This is like the first fitting of a made-to-measure dress. The lining will undoubtedly come out for adjustments: this step is to determine by how much. Working with the bias or stretch, pin the top and bottom aiming for a tight fit.
Manipulate the fabric until you achieve this, which will probably involve removing the lining and taking it in a bit at both sides and trying again. This is the custom-fit stage and you'll be stretching the fabric at both top and bottom, moving pins all the time until the lining is smooth and tight without any bumps. (You basically have to ignore the struts that connect to the ring (called the gimbal supports as the ring is called a gimbal ring) and pull the fabric around them at this stage.)
Be patient as the lining rarely fits perfectly first go.
When happy with the fit, such as above, take the lining out and sew a second row of stitching about 2mm from the seams in the allowance for strength. Trim the seams allowance to about 3mm or as small as the fabric will allow.
Now it's time to refit the lining in preparation for stitching. When you've got it fitting tightly, you'll need a sharp pair of scissors (those little scissors used for snapping sewing-machine threads are ideal) and cut the lining to accommodate the gimbal supports.
If you're using stretch fabric, dot the the cut with fray stopper and wait until it dries. This is really important as stretch fabrics easily pull.
The lining is almost ready to be sewed to the frame.
First, though, you'll want to hide the cut fabric around the gimbal edges by winding a little of the cotton tape around them.
Using quilting cotton, which has been run through a wax block, and a quilting needle you need to stitch the tape on in the same way you will the lining. I didn't take a pic, but the method is the same as the pic below.
The wax helps the thread move through the wound tape smoothly. Without it, the thread tends to snag.
Put a knot in the thread and work the needle on the outside of the frame. You don't want stitching to show at the very top of the lining as this will be on view at the end. The stitching will later be covered with bias binding.
Once the gimbals are covered, snip the cotton tape close to the stitching. Stitch the lining at top and bottom of frame.
Using the same pattern, cut fabric pieces (right side of fabric facing each other) for the outside. Sew seams, turn inside out and slide over the frame.
Fit in the same way you did the lining. Again, be patient. I had to do three adjustments to the seams with this one (must be out of practice).
Trim seams in the same way as the lining.
Stitch fabric to frame in the same way as the lining.
Make bias binding and then glue one end at seam. Dot glue onto binding and stretch over to hide stitching.
When you get to the end, cut bias but leaving enough to fold over edge and glue over beginning.
If you've done a really good job, your finish will be neater than mine without any glue stuck to it!
Please feel free to ask any questions.
A few tips:
. When fitting the lining and outside fabric, have the sharp ends of the pins pointing inwards (unlike my top pic) to avoid pricking yourself.
. Don't use this method for a "Tiffany" style or any ball-shaped frames. It won't work.
. I don't use flame retardants on the fabric, but you may wish to.
. I do use bulbs that don't give off a lot of heat and make sure they're at the very least 5cm away from the fabric at every point.
. I alway use cotton fabric for the outside.
. If the frame you're covering isn't painted white, or is old like the one I used, cover all the frame (excluding gimbals) with tape as uncoated metal will show through when the light is on.
. I didn't include instructions on how to make bias binding, as this post is already almost as long as a book.
. If you do make bias binding, don't overlap the fabric at the back as you want to avoid bulk. Make it meet in the middle, or even leave a little gap, instead.
To see what others are creating today go here.